History of 30 August
1905 – Ty Cobb made his major league batting debut with the Detroit Tigers.
1928 – The Independence of India League was established in India.
1941 – During World War II, the Nazis severed the last railroad link between Leningrad and the rest of the Soviet Union.
1945 – General Douglas MacArthur set up Allied occupation headquarters in Japan.
1951 – The Philippines and the United States signed a defense pact.
1956 – In Louisianna, the Lake Pontchartrain Causeway opened.
1960 – A partial blockade was imposed on West Berlin by East Germany.
1963 – The “Hotline” between Moscow and Washington, DC, went into operation.
1965 – Thurgood Marshall was confirmed by the U.S. Senate as a Supreme Court justice. Marshall was the first black justice to sit on the Supreme Court.
1982 – P.L.O. leader Yasir Arafat left Beirut for Greece.
1983 – The space shuttle Challenger blasted off with Guion S. Bluford Jr. aboard. He was the first black American to travel in space.
1984 – The space shuttle Discovery lifted off for the first time. On the voyage, three communications satellites were deployed.
1984 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan, and several others were inducted into the Sportscasters Hall of Fame.
1991 – The Soviet republic of Azerbaijan declared its independence.
1993 – On CBS-TV “The Late Show with David Letterman” premiered.
1994 – Rosa Parks was robbed and beaten by Joseph Skipper. Parks was known for her refusal to give up her seat on a bus in 1955, which sparked the civil rights movement.
1994 – The largest U.S. defense contractor was created when the Lockheed and Martin Marietta corporations agreed to a merger.
1996 – An expedition to raise part of the Titanic failed when the nylon lines being used to raise part of the hull snapped.
1999 – The residents of East Timor overwhelmingly voted for independence from Indonesia. The U.N. announced the result on September 4.
2002 – Conoco Inc. and Phillips Petroleum merged to create ConocoPhillips. The new company was the third-largest integrated energy company and the second-largest refining company in the U.S.
2008 – A Conviasa Boeing 737 crashes into Illiniza Volcano in Ecuador, killing all three people on board.
2014 – Prime Minister of Lesotho Tom Thabane flees to South Africa as the army allegedly stages a coup.
Celebrating Birthday Today
- 1981 – German Legarreta, Puerto Rican-American actor
- 1981 – Adam Wainwright, American baseball player
- 1982 – Will Davison, Australian race car driver
- 1982 – Andy Roddick, an American tennis player
- 1983 – Emmanuel Culo, the Argentinian footballer
- 1983 – Gustavo Eberto, Argentinian footballer (d. 2007)
- 1983 – Jun Matsumoto, Japanese singer, dancer, and actor
- 1983 – Simone Pepe, Italian footballer
- 1983 – Tian Qin, Chinese canoe racer
- 1983 – Marco Vianello, Italian footballer
- 1984 – Anthony Ireland, Zimbabwean cricketer
- 1985 – Richard Duffy, Welsh footballer
- 1985 – Joe Inoue, American singer-songwriter
- 1985 – Leisel Jones, Australian swimmer
- 1985 – Eva Risztov, Hungarian swimmer
- 1985 – Steven Smith, Scottish footballer
- 1985 – Eamon Sullivan, Australian swimmer
- 1985 – Anna Ushenina, Ukrainian chess player
- 1985 – Holly Weston, English actress
- 1986 – Theo Hutchcraft, English singer-songwriter
- 1986 – Lelia Masaga, New Zealand rugby player
- 1986 – Ryan Ross, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- 1986 – Zafer Yelen, Turkish footballer
- 1987 – Tania Foster, English singer-songwriter
- 1988 – Ernests Gulbis, a Latvian tennis player
- 1989 – Simone Guerra, Italian footballer
- 1989 – Ronald Huth, Paraguayan footballer
- 1989 – Bebe Rexha, American singer-songwriter
- 1991 – Seriki Audu, Nigerian footballer (d. 2014)
- 1991 – Jacqueline Cako, an American tennis player
- 1991 – Liam Cooper, Scottish footballer
- 1992 – Jessica Henwick, British actress
- 1994 – Monika Povilaitytė, Lithuanian volleyball player
- 1994 – Kwon So-Hyun, South Korean singer-songwriter, and actress
- 1994 – Heo Young-JI, South Korean singer