1944 – In Bologna, Italy, the Anatomical Theatre of the Archiginnasio is completely destroyed in an air-raid, during the Second World War.
1948 – The Pakistan Socialist Party is founded in Karachi.
1959 – The first Melodifestivalen is held in Stockholm, Sweden.
1963 – The first inductees into the Pro Football Hall of Fame are announced.
1967 – The “ultimate high” of the hippie era, the Mantra-Rock Dance, takes place in San Francisco and features Janis Joplin, Grateful Dead, and Allen Ginsberg.
1980 – The Rubik’s Cube makes its international debut at the Ideal Toy Corp. in Earl’s Court, London.
1989 – Cold War: Hungary establishes diplomatic relations with South Korea, making it the first Eastern Bloc nation to do so.
1991 – Gulf War: The Battle of Khafji, the first major ground engagement of the war, as well as its deadliest, begins.
1996 – President Jacques Chirac announces a “definitive end” to French nuclear weapons testing.
2001 – Thousands of student protesters in Indonesia storm parliament and demand that President Abdurrahman Wahid resigns due to alleged involvement in corruption scandals.
2002 – In his State of the Union address, President George W. Bush describes “regimes that sponsor terror” as an Axis of evil, in which he includes Iraq, Iran and North Korea.
2005 – The first direct commercial flights from mainland China (from Guangzhou) to Taiwan since 1949 arrived in Taipei. Shortly afterward, a China Airlines flight lands in Beijing.
2009 – The Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt rules that people who do not adhere to one of the three government-recognized religions, while not allowed to list any belief outside of those three, are still eligible to receive government identity documents.
2009 – Governor of Illinois Rod Blagojevich is removed from office following his conviction of several corruption charges, including the alleged solicitation of personal benefit in exchange for an appointment to the United States Senate as a replacement for then-U.S. president-elect Barack Obama.
2013 – SCAT Airlines Flight 760 crashes near the Kazakh city of Almaty, killing 21 people.
2013 – 2013 Alabama bunker hostage crisis, after shooting and killing of the school bus driver, 66 years old Charles Albert Poland, Jr, by 65-year-old Vietnam War era veteran, Jimmy Lee Dykes.
2017 – Quebec City mosque shooting: Alexandre Bissonnette opens fire at the mosque in Sainte-Foy, Quebec, killing six and wounding 19 others in a spree shooting.
Celebrating Birthday’s Today
1968 – Susi Erdmann, German luger, and bobsledder
1970 – Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore, Indian colonel, and politician
1970 – Heather Graham, American actress
1970 – Jörg Hoffmann, German swimmer
1970 – Paul Ryan, American economist and politician, 62nd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
1970 – Mohammed Yusuf, the Nigerian Islamist leader, founded Boko Haram (d. 2009)
1971 – Clare Balding, English broadcaster, journalist and author
1975 – Sara Gilbert, American actress, producer, and talk show host
1980 – Ivan Klasnic, German-Croatian footballer
1981 – Rachna Khatau, Indian-American actress and singer
1982 – Adam Lambert, American singer-songwriter and actor
1983 – Biagio Pagano, Italian footballer
1983 – Nedžad Sinanović, Bosnian basketball player
1984 – Natalie du Toit, South African swimmer
1984 – Nuno Morais, Portuguese footballer
1984 – Safee Sali, Malaysian footballer
1985 – Marc Gasol, Spanish basketball player
1986 – Jair Jurrjens, Dutch baseball player
1987 – José Abreu, Cuban baseball player
1988 – Tatyana Chernova, Russian heptathlete
1988 – Shay Logan, English footballer
1988 – Aydın Yılmaz, Turkish footballer
1989 – Kevin Shattenkirk, American ice hockey player