History of 28 June
1902 – The U.S. Congress passed the Spooner bill, it authorized a canal to be built across the isthmus of Panama.
1911 – Samuel J. Battle became the first African-American policeman in New York City.
1914 – Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo along with his wife, Duchess Sophie.
1919 – The Treaty of Versailles was signed ending World War I exactly five years after it began. The treaty also established the League of Nations.
1921 – A coal strike in Great Britain was settled after three months.
1930 – More than 1,000 communists were routed during an assault on the British consulate in London.
1939 – Pan American Airways began the first transatlantic passenger service.
1938 – The U.S. Congress created the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) to ensure construction loans.
1940 – The “Quiz Kids” was heard on NBC radio for the first time.
1942 – German troops launched an offensive to seize Soviet oil fields in the Caucasus and the city of Stalingrad.
1943 – “The Draft Star Playhouse” debuted on NBC radio.
1944 – “The Alan Young Show” debuted on NBC radio.
1945 – U.S. General Douglas MacArthur announced the end of Japanese resistance in the Philippines.
1949 – The last U.S. combat troops were called home from Korea, leaving only 500 advisers.
1950 – North Korean forces captured Seoul, South Korea.
1951 – “Amos ’n’ Andy” moved to CBS-TV from the radio.
1954 – French troops began to pull out of Vietnam’s Tonkin Province.
1960 – In Cuba, Fidel Castro confiscated American-owned oil refineries without compensation.
1964 – Malcolm X founded the Organization for Afro American Unity to seek independence for blacks in the Western Hemisphere.
1965 – The first commercial satellite began communications service. It was Early Bird (Intelsat I).
1967 – Israel formally declared Jerusalem reunified under its sovereignty following its capture of the Arab sector in the June 1967 war.
1971 – The U.S. Supreme Court overturned the draft evasion conviction of Muhammad Ali.
1972 – U.S. President Nixon announced that no new draftees would be sent to Vietnam.
1976 – The first women entered the U.S. Air Force Academy.
1978 – The U.S. Supreme Court ordered the medical school at the University of California at Davis to admit Allan Bakke. Bakke, a white man, argued he had been a victim of reverse racial discrimination.
1996 – The Citadel voted to admit women, ending a 153-year-old men-only policy at the South Carolina military school.
1996 – Charles M. Schulz got a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
1997 – Mike Tyson was disqualified for biting Evander Holyfield’s ear after three rounds of their WBA heavyweight title fight in Las Vegas, NV.
1998 – Poland, due to the shortage of funds, is allowed to lease, U.S. aircraft to bring the military force up to NATO standards.
1998 – The Cincinnati Enquirer apologized to Chiquita banana company and retracted their stories that questioned the company’s business practices. They also agreed to pay more than $10 million to settle legal claims.
2000 – The U.S. Supreme Court declared that a Nebraska law that outlawed “partial birth abortions” was unconstitutional. About 30 U.S. states had similar laws at the time of the ruling.
2000 – Darva Conger announced that she had done a layout for Playboy magazine. Conger had married Rick Rockwell on Fox-TV’s “Who Wants to Marry a Multimillionaire.”
2000 – The European Commission announced that they had blocked the planned merger between the U.S. companies WorldCom Inc. and Sprint due to competition concerns.
2000 – Six-year-old Elián González returned to Cuba from the U.S. with his father. The child had been the center of an international custody dispute.
2001 – Slobodan Milosevic was taken into custody and was handed over to the U.N. war crimes tribunal in The Hague, Netherlands. The indictment charged Milosevic and four other senior officials, with crimes against humanity and violations of the laws and customs of war in Kosovo.
2001 – The U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit set aside an order that would break up Microsoft for antitrust violations. However, the judges did agree that the company was in violation of antitrust laws.
2004 – The U.S. turned over official sovereignty to Iraq’s interim leadership. The event took place two days earlier than previously announced to thwart insurgents’ attempts at undermining the transfer.
2004 – The U.S. resumed diplomatic ties with Libya after a 24-year break.
2004 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that enemy combatants could challenge their detention in U.S. Courts.
2005 – The final design for the “Freedom Tower” (One World Trade Center) was formally unveiled.
2007 – The American bald eagle was removed from the endangered species list.
2010 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that Americans have the right to own a gun for self-defense anywhere they live.
2016 – A terrorist attack in Turkey’s Istanbul Atatürk Airport kills 42 people and injures more than 230 others.
Celebrating Birthday Today
- 1981 – Savage, New Zealand rapper
- 1981 – Michael Crafter, Australian singer-songwriter
- 1981 – Guillermo Martínez, Cuban javelin thrower
- 1981 – Brandon Phillips, American baseball player
- 1982 – Ibrahim Camejo, Cuban long jumper
- 1985 – Phil Bardsley, English footballer
- 1985 – Colt Hynes, American baseball player
- 1986 – Kellie Pickler, American singer-songwriter
- 1987 – Sonata Tamosaitytė, Lithuanian hurdler
- 1987 – Terrence Williams, American basketball player
- 1989 – Jason Clark, Australian rugby league player
- 1989 – Andrew Fifita, Australian rugby league player
- 1989 – David Fifita, Australian rugby league player
- 1989 – Julia Zlobina, Russian-Azerbaijani figure skater
- 1989 – Markiplier, American internet personality
- 1989 – Nicole Rottmann, an Austrian tennis player
- 1991 – Seohyun, South Korean singer, dancer, and actress
- 1991 – Kevin De Bruyne, Belgian footballer
- 1991 – Kang Min-hyuk, South Korean singer, drummer, and actor
- 1992 – Oscar Hiljemark, Swedish footballer
- 1993 – Bradley Beal, American basketball player
- 1994 – Hussein, Crown Prince of Jordan
- 1995 – Demi-Leigh Nel-Peters, South African model, Miss Universe 2017
- 1996 – Donna Vekić, a Croatian tennis player
- 1999 – Markéta Vondroušová, a Czech tennis player
- 2002 – Marta Kostyuk, a Ukrainian tennis player