History of 23 March

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History of 23 March

1920 – Britain denounced the U.S. because of their delay in joining the League of Nations.

1920 – The Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party was formed.

1921 – Arthur G. Hamilton set a new parachute record when he safely jumped from 24,400 feet.

1922 – The first airplane landed at the U.S. Capitol in Washington, DC.

1932 – In the U.S., the Norris-LaGuardia Act established workers’ right to strike.

1933 – The German Reichstag adopted the Enabling Act. The act effectively granted Adolf Hitler dictatorial legislative powers.

1934 – The U.S. Congress accepted the independence of the Philippines in 1945.

1936 – Italy, Austria & Hungary signed the Pact of Rome.

1937 – The L.A. Railway Co. started using PCC streetcars.

1940 – “Truth or Consequences” was heard on the radio for the first time.

1942 – The Japanese occupy the Andaman Islands.

1942 – During World War II, the U.S. government began evacuating Japanese-Americans from West Coast homes to detention centers.

1950 – “Beat the Clock” premiered on CBS-TV.

1951 – U.S. paratroopers descended from flying boxcars in a surprise attack in Korea.

1956 – Pakistan became the first Islamic republic. It was still within the British Commonwealth.

1956 – Sudan became independent.

1957 – The U.S. Army sold the last of its homing pigeons.

1965 – America’s first two-person space flight took off from Cape Kennedy with astronauts Virgil I. Grissom and John W. Young aboard. The craft was the Gemini 3.

1965 – The Moroccan Army shot at demonstrators. About 100 people were killed.

1967 – Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. called the Vietnam War the biggest obstacle to the civil rights movement.

1972 – The U.S. called a halt to the peace talks on Vietnam being held in Paris.

1972 – Evel Knievel broke 93 bones after successfully jumping 35 cars.

1973 – The last airing of “Concentration” took place. The show had been on NBC for 15 years.

1980 – The deposed Shah of Iran, Muhammad Riza Pahlavi, left Panama for Egypt.

1981 – U.S. Supreme Court upheld a law making statutory rape a crime for men but not women.

1981 – CBS Television announced plans to reduce “Captain Kangaroo” to a 30-minute show each weekday morning.

1983 – U.S. President Reagan first proposed the development of technology to intercept enemy missiles. The proposal became known as the Strategic Defense Initiative and “Star Wars.”

1983 – Dr. Barney Clark died after 112 days with a permanent artificial heart.

1989 – A 1,000-foot diameter asteroid missed Earth by about 430,000 miles.

1989 – Two electrochemists, Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischman, announced that they had created nuclear fusion in a test tube at room temperature.

1990 – Former Exxon Valdez Captain Joseph Hazelwood was ordered to help clean up Prince William Sound and pay $50,000 in restitution for the 1989 oil spill.

1993 – U.N. experts announced that record ozone lows had been registered over a large area of the Western Hemisphere.

1994 – Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexico’s leading presidential candidate, was assassinated in Tijuana. Mario Aburto Martinez was arrested at the scene and confessed to the killing.

1994 – Wayne Gretzky broke Gordie Howe’s National Hockey League (NHL) career record with his 802nd goal.

1994 – Howard Stern formally announced his Libertarian run for New York governor.

1996 – Taiwan held its first democratic presidential elections.

1998 – Germany’s largest bank pledged $3.1 million to Jewish foundations as restitution for Nazi looting.

1998 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that term limits for state lawmakers were constitutional.

1998 – Russian President Boris Yeltsin fired his Cabinet.

1998 – The movie “Titanic” won 11 Oscars at the Academy Awards.

1998 – The German company Bertelsmann AG agreed to purchase the American publisher Random House for $1.4 billion. The merger created the largest English-language book-publishing company in the world.

1999 – NATO Secretary-General Javier Solana gave formal approval for air strikes against Serbian targets.

2001 – Russia’s orbiting Mir space station plunged into the South Pacific after its 15-years of use.

2003 – Battle of Nasiriyah, first major conflict during the invasion of Iraq.

2008 – Official opening of Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad, India

2009 – FedEx Express Flight 80: A McDonnell Douglas MD-11 flying from Guangzhou, China crashes at Tokyo’s Narita International Airport, killing both the captain and the co-pilot.

2019 – The US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces declared military victory over the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant after four years of fighting, although the group maintains a scattered presence and sleeper cells across Syria and Iraq.

Celebrating Birthday Today

  • 1981 – Erin Crocker, American race car driver
  • 1981 – Tony Peña, Jr., Dominican baseball player
  • 1981 – Shelley Rudman, English bobsledder
  • 1981 – Giuseppe Sculli, Italian footballer
  • 1981 – Brett Young, American country music singer
  • 1982 – José Contreras Arrau, Chilean footballer
  • 1982 – Andrea Musacco, Italian footballer
  • 1982 – Evgeni Striganov, Estonian ice dancer
  • 1983 – Hakan Balta, Turkish footballer
  • 1983 – Mo Farah, Somali-English runner
  • 1983 – Sascha Riether, German footballer
  • 1983 – Jerome Thomas, English footballer
  • 1984 – Ryan Araña, Filipino basketball player
  • 1984 – Brandon Marshall, American football player
  • 1985 – Maurice Jones-Drew, American football player
  • 1985 – Bethanie Mattek-Sands, an American tennis player
  • 1986 – Patrick Bordeleau, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Andrea Dovizioso, Italian motorcycle racer
  • 1986 – Brett Eldredge, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1986 – Kangana Ranaut, Indian actress
  • 1987 – Alan Toovey, Australian footballer
  • 1988 – Dellin Betances, American baseball player
  • 1988 – Jason Kenny, English cyclist
  • 1988 – Michal Neuvirth, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1989 – Nikola Gulan, Serbian footballer
  • 1989 – Luis Fernando Silva, Mexican footballer
  • 1989 – Ayesha Curry, Canadian-American chef, author and television personality
  • 1990 – Jaime Alguersuari, Spanish race car driver
  • 1990 – Robert Zickert, German footballer
  • 1991 – Gregg Wylde, Scottish footballer
  • 1992 – Tolga Cigerci, German-Turkish footballer
  • 1992 – Morgan Evans, Welsh rugby league player
  • 1992 – Kyrie Irving, Australian-American basketball player
  • 1993 – Kyle Lovett, Australian rugby league player
  • 1993 – Aytaç Kara, Turkish footballer
  • 1994 – Nick Powell, English footballer
  • 1995 – Kevin Kauber, Estonian footballer
  • 1995 – Jan Lisiecki, Canadian pianist
  • 1995 – Ozan Tufan, Turkish footballer
  • 1996 – Alexander Albon, Thai-British racing driver

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