History of 19 July
1909 – The first unassisted triple play in major-league baseball was made by Cleveland Indians shortstop Neal Ball in a game against Boston.
1939 – Dr. Roy P. Scholz became the first surgeon to use fiberglass sutures.
1942 – German U-boats were withdrawn from positions off the U.S. Atlantic coast due to effective American anti-submarine countermeasures.
1943 – During World War II, more than 150 B-17 and 112 B-24 bombers attacked Rome for the first time.
1946 – Marilyn Monroe acted in her first screen test.
1960 – Juan Marichal (San Francisco Giants) became the first pitcher to get a one-hitter in his major league debut.
1964 – In Illinois, Cahokia Mounds was designated as a U.S. National Landmark.
1971 – In New York, the topping out ceremony for Two World Trade Center (South Tower) took place. The ceremony for One World Trade Center had taken place on December 23, 1970.
1974 – The House Judiciary Committee recommended that U.S. President Richard Nixon should stand trial in the Senate for any of the five impeachment charges against him.
1975 – The Apollo and Soyuz spacecrafts separated after being linked in orbit for two days.
1979 – In Nicaragua, the dictatorship of the Somozas was overthrown by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional or FSLN).
1982 – The U.S. Census Bureau reported that 14% of the population had an income below the official poverty level in 1981.
1984 – Geraldine Ferraro was nominated by the Democratic Party to become the first woman from a major political party to run for the office of U.S. Vice-President.
1985 – George Bell won first place in a biggest feet contest with a shoe size of 28-1/2. Bell, at age 26, stood 7 feet 10 inches tall.
1985 – Christa McAuliffe of New Hampshire was chosen to be the first schoolteacher to ride aboard the space shuttle. She died with six others when the Challenger exploded the following year.
1989 – United Airlines Flight 232 crashes in Sioux City, Iowa killing 111.
1992 – A car bomb kills Judge Paolo Borsellino and five members of his escort.
1997 – The Troubles: The Provisional Irish Republican Army resumes a ceasefire to end their 25-year paramilitary campaign to end British rule in Northern Ireland.
2014 – Gunmen in Egypt’s western desert province of New Valley Governorate attack a military checkpoint, killing at least 21 soldiers. Egypt reportedly declares a state of emergency on its border with Sudan.
Celebrating Birthday Today
1981 – Nenê, Brazilian footballer
1981 – David Bernard, Jamaican cricketer
1981 – Grégory Vignal, French footballer
1982 – Phil Coke, American baseball player
1982 – Jared Padalecki, American actor
1982 – Jess Vanstrattan, Australian footballer
1983 – Helen Skelton, English television host and actress
1983 – Fedor Tyutin, Russian ice hockey player
1984 – Adam Morrison, American basketball player
1984 – Ryan O’Byrne, Canadian ice hockey player
1984 – Lewis Price, Welsh footballer
1985 – LaMarcus Aldridge, American basketball player
1985 – Marina Kuzina, Russian basketball player
1985 – Hadi Norouzi, Iranian footballer (d. 2015)
1986 – Leandro Greco, Italian footballer
1987 – Jon Jones, American mixed martial artist
1987 – Marc Murphy, Australian footballer
1988 – Shane Dawson, American comedian and actor
1988 – Jakub Kovář, Czech ice hockey player
1989 – Sam McKendry, Australian-New Zealand rugby league player
1991 – Eray İşcan, Turkish footballer
1992 – Jake Nicholson, English footballer
1994 – Christian Welch, Australian rugby league player
1998 – Ronaldo Vieira, Bissau-Guinean footballer