History of 14 October

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History of 14 October

  • 1908 – The Chicago Cubs defeat the Detroit Tigers, 2–0, clinching the 1908 World Series; this would be their last until winning the 2016 World Series.
  • 1910 – English aviator Claude Grahame-White lands his aircraft on Executive Avenue near the White House in Washington, D.C.
  • 1912 – Former president Theodore Roosevelt is shot and mildly wounded by John Flammang Schrank. With the fresh wound in his chest, and the bullet still within it, Roosevelt delivers his scheduled speech.
  • 1913 – Senghenydd colliery disaster, the United Kingdom’s worst coal mining accident, claims the lives of 439 miners.
  • 1915 – World War I: Bulgaria joins the Central Powers.
  • 1920 – Finland and Soviet Russia sign the Treaty of Tartu, exchanging some territories.
  • 1926 – The children’s book Winnie-the-Pooh, by A. A. Milne is first published.
  • 1933 – Germany withdraws from the League of Nations and World Disarmament Conference.
  • 1938 – The first flight of the Curtiss P-40 Warhawk fighter plane.
  • 1939 – World War II: The German submarine U-47 sinks the British battleship HMS Royal Oak within her harbor at Scapa Flow, Scotland.
  • 1940 – World War II: The Balham underground station disaster kills sixty-six people during the London Blitz.
  • 1943 – World War II: Prisoners at the Sobibór extermination camp in Poland revolt against the Germans.
  • 1943 – World War II: The American Eighth Air Force loses 60 of 291 B-17 Flying Fortress during the Second Raid on Schweinfurt.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Second Philippine Republic, a puppet state of Japan, is inaugurated with José P. Laurel as its president.
  • 1947 – Chuck Yeager becomes the first person to exceed the speed of sound.
  • 1949 – The Smith Act trials of Communist Party leaders in the United States convicts eleven defendants of conspiring to advocate the violent overthrow of the federal government.
  • 1952 – Korean War: The Battle of Triangle Hill is the biggest and bloodiest battle of 1952.
  • 1956 – Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, leader of India’s Untouchable caste, converts to Buddhism along with 385,000 of his followers (see Neo-Buddhism).
  • 1957 – The 23rd Canadian Parliament becomes the only one to be personally opened by the Queen of Canada.
  • 1957 – At least 81 people are killed in the most devastating flood in the history of the Spanish city of Valencia.
  • 1962 – The Cuban Missile Crisis begins when an American reconnaissance aircraft takes photographs of Soviet ballistic missiles being installed in Cuba.
  • 1964 – Martin Luther King Jr. received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolence.
  • 1964 – The Soviet Presidium and the Communist Party Central Committee each vote to accept Nikita Khrushchev’s “voluntary” request to retire from his offices.
  • 1966 – The city of Montreal begins the operation of its underground Montreal Metro rapid transit system.
  • 1968 – The first live TV broadcast by American astronauts in orbit is performed by the Apollo 7 crew.
  • 1968 – The 6.5 Mw  Meckering earthquake shook the southwest portion of Western Australia with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), causing $2.2 million in damage and leaving 20–28 people injured.
  • 1968 – Jim Hines becomes the first man ever to break the so-called “ten-second barrier” in the 100-meter sprint with a time of 9.95 seconds.
  • 1973 – In the Thammasat student uprising, over 100,000 people protest in Thailand against the military government. Seventy-seven are killed and 857 are injured by soldiers.
  • 1977 – Anita Bryant gets a pie thrown in her face at a news conference in Des Moines by gay rights activist Tom Higgins for her anti-LGBT commentary.
  • 1979 – The first National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights draws approximately 100,000 people.
  • 1981 – Vice President Hosni Mubarak is elected as the President of Egypt, one week after the assassination of Anwar Sadat.
  • 1982 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan proclaims a War on Drugs.
  • 1991 – Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1994 – Yasser Arafat, Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres received the Nobel Peace Prize for their role in the establishment of the Oslo Accords and the framing of future Palestinian self-government.
  • 1998 – Eric Rudolph is charged with six bombings, including the 1996 Centennial Olympic Park bombing in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • 2003 – The Steve Bartman Incident takes place at Wrigley Field in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 2004 – MK Airlines Flight 1602 crashes during takeoff from Halifax Stanfield International Airport, killing all seven people on board.
  • 2004 – Pinnacle Airlines Flight 3701 crashes in Jefferson City, Missouri. The two pilots (the aircraft’s only occupants) are killed.
  • 2012 – Felix Baumgartner successfully jumps to Earth from a balloon in the stratosphere.
  • 2014 – A snowstorm and avalanche in the Nepalese Himalayas triggered by the remnants of Cyclone Hudhud kill 43 people.
  • 2014 – Utah State University receives a bomb threat against feminist media critic Anita Sarkeesian, who was to give a lecture the next day.
  • 2014 – Serbia vs. Albania UEFA qualifying match is canceled after 42 minutes due to several incidents on and off the pitch. Albania is eventually awarded a win.
  • 2015 – A suicide bomb attack in Pakistan kills at least seven people and injures 13 others.
  • 2017 – A massive truck bombing in Somalia kills 358 people and injures more than 400 others.

Celebrating Birthday Today

  • 1981 – Boof Bonser, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Gautam Gambhir, Indian cricketer
  • 1982 – Ryan Hall, American runner
  • 1982 – Matt Roth, American football player
  • 1983 – Betty Heidler, German hammer thrower
  • 1984 – LaRon Landry, American football player
  • 1984 – Alex Scott, English footballer
  • 1985 – Alexandre Sarnes Negrao, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1985 – Ivan Pernar, Croatian Member of Parliament
  • 1986 – Tom Craddock, English footballer
  • 1988 – Will Atkinson, English footballer
  • 1988 – Glenn Maxwell, Australian cricketer
  • 1988 – Mario Titone, Italian footballer
  • 1988 – Ocean Vuong, Vietnamese-American poet
  • 1990 – Jordan Clark, English cricketer
  • 1992 – Ahmed Musa, Nigerian footballer
  • 1993 – Ashton Agar, Australian cricketer
  • 1994 – Joe Burgess, English rugby league player
  • 1994 – Jaelen Feeney, Australian rugby league player
  • 1994 – Jared Goff, American football player
  • 1999 – Laura Zeng, American rhythmic gymnast
  • 2001 – Rowan Blanchard, American actress

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