History of 01 November
1904 – The Army War College in Washington, DC, enrolled in the first class.
1911 – Italy used planes to drop bombs on the Tanguira oasis in Libya. It was the first aerial bombing.
1936 – Benito Mussolini made a speech in Milan, Italy, in which he described the alliance between Italy and Nazi Germany as an “axis” running between Berlin and Rome.
1937 – “Hilltop House” was aired for the first time on CBS Radio.
1937 – “Terry and the Pirates” debuted on NBC Radio.
1940 – “A Night in the Tropics” was released. It was the first movie for Abbott and Costello.
1944 – “Harvey,” by Mary Chase, opened on Broadway.
1947 – The famous racehorse Man o’ War died.
1949 – In Washington, 55 people were killed when a fighter plane hit an airliner.
1950 – Two Puerto Rican nationalists tried to assassinate U.S. President Harry Truman. One of the men was killed when they tried to force their way into Blair House in Washington, DC.
1952 – The United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb on Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands.
1954 – Algeria began to rebel against French rule.
1959 – Jacques Plante, of the Montreal Canadiens, became the first goalie in the NHL to wear a mask.
1963 – The USSR launched Polyot I. It was the first satellite capable of maneuvering in all directions and able to change its orbit.
1968 – The movie rating system of G, M, R, X, followed by PG-13 and NC-17 went into effect.
1973 – Leon Jaworski was appointed the new Watergate special prosecutor in the Watergate case.
1979 – Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini urged all Iranians to demonstrate on November 4 and to expand their attacks against the U.S. and Israel. On November 4, Iranian militants seized the U.S. embassy in Tehran and took 63 Americans hostage.
1981 – The U.S. Postal Service raised the first-class letter rate to 20 cents.
1985 – in the village of Ignacio Aldama, 22 members of a Mexican anti-narcotics squad were killed by alleged drug traffickers.
1987 – Deng Xiaoping retired from China’s Communist Party’s Central Committee.
1989 – Tens of thousands of refugees to fled to the West when East Germany reopened its border with Czechoslovakia.
1989 – Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega announced the end of a cease-fire with the Contra rebels.
1993 – The European Community’s treaty on European unity took effect.
1994 – The Amazon.com domain name was registered.
1995 – In Dayton, OH, the Bosnian peace talks opened with the leaders of Bosnia, Serbia and Croatia present.
1998 – Nicaraguan Vice President Enrique Bolanos announced that between 1,000 and 1,500 people were buried in a 32-square mile area below the slopes of the Casita volcano in northern Nicaragua by a mudslide caused by Hurricane Mitch.
1998 – Iridium inaugurated the first handheld, global satellite phone, and paging system.
2000 – The Republic of Serbia and Montenegro joins the United Nations.
2012 – A fuel tank truck crashes and explodes in the Saudi Arabian capital Riyadh, killing 26 people and injuring 135.
Celebrating Birthday Today
- 1982 – Bradley Orr, English footballer
- 1982 – Warren Spragg, English-Italian rugby player
- 1983 – Matt Moulson, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1983 – Yuko Ogura, Japanese model, and singer
- 1983 – Jon Wilkin, English rugby player
- 1984 – Milos Krasic, Serbian footballer
- 1986 – Penn Badgley, American actor, and television personality
- 1986 – Ksenija Balta, Estonian high jumper, sprinter, and heptathlete
- 1987 – Ileana D’Cruz, Indian film actress
- 1988 – Masahiro Tanaka, Japanese baseball player
- 1991 – Eyþór Arnarson, Icelandic skier
- 1991 – Reece Brown, English footballer
- 1991 – Jiang Yuyuan, Chinese gymnast
- 1994 – James Ward-Prowse, English footballer
- 1995 – Margarita Mamun, Russian gymnast
- 1996 – Lil Peep, American singer, and rapper (d. 2017)
- 1996 – Jeongyeon, Korean singer