History of 3 July
1903 – The first cable across the Pacific Ocean was spliced between Honolulu, Midway, Guam, and Manila.
1912 – Rube Marquard of the New York Giants set a baseball pitching record when earned his 19th consecutive win.
1922 – “Fruit Garden and Home” magazine was introduced. It was later renamed “Better Homes and Gardens.”
1924 – Clarence Birdseye founded the General Seafood Corp.
1930 – The U.S. Congress created the U.S. Veterans Administration.
1934 – U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) made its first payment to Lydia Losinger.
1937 – Del Mar race track opened in Del Mar, CA.
1939 – Chic Young’s comic strip character, “Blondie” was first heard on CBS radio.
1940 – Bud Abbott and Lou Costello debuted on NBC radio.
1944 – The U.S. First Army opened a general offensive to break out of the hedgerow area of Normandy, France.
1944 – During World War II, Soviet forces recaptured Minsk.
1945 – U.S. troops landed at Balikpapan and take Sepinggan airfield on Borneo in the Pacific.
1945 – The first civilian passenger car built since February 1942 was driven off the assembly line at the Ford Motor Company plant in Detroit, MI. Production had been diverted due to World War II.
1950 – U.S. carrier-based planes attacked airfields in the Pyongyang-Chinnampo area of North Korea in the first air-strike of the Korean War.
1954 – Food rationing ended in Great Britain almost nine years after the end of World War II.
1962 – Jackie Robinson became the first African American to be inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame.
1974 – The Threshold Test Ban Treaty was signed, prohibiting underground nuclear weapons tests with yields greater than 150 kilotons.
1981 – The Associated Press ran its first story about two rare illnesses afflicting homosexual men. One of the diseases was later named AIDS.
1986 – U.S. President Reagan presided over a ceremony in New York Harbor that saw the relighting of the renovated Statue of Liberty.
1986 – Mikhail Baryshnikov became a U.S. citizen at Ellis Island, New York Harbor.
1991 – U.S. President George H.W. Bush formally inaugurated the Mount Rushmore National Memorial in South Dakota.
2013 – Egyptian coup d’état: President of Egypt Mohamed Morsi is overthrown by the military after four days of protests all over the country calling for Morsi’s resignation, to which he did not respond. President of the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt Adly Mansour is declared acting president.
2014 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above 17,000 for the first time.
Celebrating Birthday’s Today
- 1983 – Edinson Vólquez, Dominican baseball player
- 1984 – Manny Lawson, American football player
- 1984 – Churandy Martina, Dutch sprinter
- 1984 – Corey Sevier, Canadian actor, and producer
- 1986 – Marco Antônio de Mattos Filho, Brazilian footballer
- 1986 – Kisenosato Yutaka, Japanese sumo wrestler
- 1987 – Sebastian Vettel, German race car driver
- 1988 – Winston Reid, New Zealand-Danish footballer
- 1988 – Vladislav Sesganov, Russian figure skater
- 1988 – James Troisi, Australian footballer
- 1989 – Mitchell Dodds, Australian rugby league player
- 1989 – Elle King, American singer, songwriter, and actress
- 1990 – Nathan Gardner, Australian rugby league player
- 1990 – Bobby Hopkinson, English footballer
- 1990 – Lucas Mendes, Brazilian footballer
- 1991 – Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova, a Russian tennis player
- 1992 – Will Smith, Australian rugby league player
- 1994 – Ben Winchell, American actor