History of 26 January

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History of 26 January

  • 1930 – The Indian National Congress declares 26 January as Independence Day or as the day for Poorna Swaraj (“Complete Independence”) which occurred 17 years later.
  • 1934 – The Apollo Theater reopens in Harlem, New York City.
  • 1934 – German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact is signed.
  • 1939 – Spanish Civil War: Catalonia Offensive: Troops loyal to nationalist General Francisco Franco and aided by Italy take Barcelona.
  • 1942 – World War II: The first United States forces arrive in Europe landing in Northern Ireland.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Red Army begins encircling the German Fourth Army near Heiligenbeil in East Prussia, which will end in the destruction of the 4th Army two months later.
  • 1945 – World War II: Audie Murphy displays valor and bravery in action for which he will later be awarded the Medal of Honor.
  • 1949 – The Hale telescope at Palomar Observatory sees first light under the direction of Edwin Hubble, becoming the largest aperture optical telescope.
  • 1950 – The Constitution of India comes into force, forming a republic. Rajendra Prasad is sworn in as its first President of India. Observed as Republic Day in India.
  • 1952 – Black Saturday in Egypt: rioters burn Cairo’s central business district, targeting British and upper-class Egyptian businesses.
  • 1956 – The Soviet Union cedes Porkkala back to Finland.
  • 1961 – John F. Kennedy appoints Janet G. Travell to be the first woman Physician to the President.
  • 1962 – Ranger 3 is launched to study the Moon. The space probe later misses the moon by 22,000 miles (35,400 km).
  • 1965 – Hindi becomes the official language of India.
  • 1980 – Israel and Egypt establish diplomatic relations.
  • 1986 – The Ugandan government of Tito Okello is overthrown by the National Resistance Army, led by Yoweri Museveni.
  • 1991 – Mohamed Siad Barre is removed from power in Somalia, ending centralized government, and is succeeded by Ali Mahdi.
  • 1992 – Boris Yeltsin announces that Russia will stop targeting United States cities with nuclear weapons.
  • 1998 – Lewinsky scandal: On American television, U.S. President Bill Clinton denies having had “sexual relations” with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
  • 2001 – The 7.7  Gujarat earthquake shakes Western India with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme), leaving 13,805–20,023 dead and about 166,800 injured.
  • 2009 – Rioting breaks out in Antananarivo, Madagascar, sparking a political crisis that will result in the replacement of President Marc Ravalomanana with Andry Rajoelina.
  • 2015 – An aircraft crashes at Los Llanos Air Base in Albacete, Spain, killing 11 people and injuring 21 others.

Celebrating Birthday’s Today

  • 1981 – José de Jesús Corona, Mexican footballer
  • 1981 – Gustavo Dudamel, Venezuelan violinist, composer, and conductor
  • 1981 – Juan José Haedo, Argentinian cyclist
  • 1981 – Colin O’Donoghue, Irish actor
  • 1982 – Reggie Hodges, American football player
  • 1983 – Petri Oravainen, Finnish footballer
  • 1983 – Eric Werner, American ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Ryan Hoffman, Australian rugby league player
  • 1984 – Iain Turner, Scottish footballer
  • 1984 – Luo Xuejuan, Chinese swimmer
  • 1985 – Heather Stanning, English rower
  • 1986 – Gerald Green, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Kim Jae-joong, South Korean singer, songwriter, actor, director, and designer.
  • 1986 – Mustapha Yatabaré, French-Malian footballer
  • 1987 – Sebastian Giovinco, Italian footballer
  • 1988 – Dimitrios Chondrokoukis, Greek high jumper
  • 1989 – MarShon Brooks, American basketball player
  • 1989 – Emily Hughes, American figure skater
  • 1990 – Sergio Pérez, Mexican racing driver
  • 1990 – Peter Sagan, Slovak professional cyclist
  • 1990 – Nina Zander, a German tennis player
  • 1991 — Tom Meehan, English footballer
  • 1992 – Sasha Banks, American professional wrestler
  • 1993 – Florian Thauvin, French footballer
  • 1995 – Sione Katoa, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1997 – Gedion Zelalem, German-born American soccer player

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