History of 10 June
1902 – The “outlook” or “see-through” envelope was patented by Americus F. Callahan.
1903 – Binney & Smith Company began developing a product line of wax crayons. The product was named Crayola.
1909 – The SOS distress signal was used for the first time. The Cunard liner SS Slavonia used the signal when it wrecked off the Azores.
1916 – Mecca, under control of the Turks, fell to the Arabs during the Great Arab Revolt.
1920 – The Republican convention in Chicago endorsed woman suffrage.
1924 – The Republican National Convention was broadcast by NBC radio. It was the first political convention to be on the radio.
1925 – The state of Tennessee adopted a new biology textbook that denied the theory of evolution.
1933 – Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow were in a car accident on a rural road in north Texas. The third-degree burns suffered by Parker resulted in a pronounced limp for the rest of her life.
1935 – Alcoholic Anonymous was founded by William G. Wilson and Dr. Robert Smith.
1940 – Italy declared war on France and Britain. In addition, Canada declared war on Italy.
1943 – Laszlo Biro patented his ballpoint pen. Biro was a Hungarian journalist.
1943 – The Allies began bombing Germany around the clock.
1944 – The youngest pitcher in major league baseball pitched his first game. Joe Nuxhall was 15 years old (and 10 months and 11 days).
1946 – Italy established a republic replacing its monarchy.
1948 – Chuck Yeager exceeded the speed of sound in the Bell XS-1.
1954 – General Motors announced the gas turbine bus had been produced successfully.
1967 – Israel and Syria agreed to a cease-fire that ended the Six-Day War.
1970 – A fifteen-man group of special forces troops began training for Operation Kingpin. The operation was a POW rescue mission in North Vietnam.
1971 – The U.S. ended a 21-year trade embargo of China.
1983 – Johnny Bench announced his plans to retire. He was a catcher in the major leagues for 16 years.
1984 – The U.S. Army successfully tested an antiballistic missile.
1984 – The United States and the Vatican established full diplomatic relations for the first time in 117 years.
1985 – Frank Sinatra was portrayed as a friend of organized crime in a “Doonesbury” comic strip. Over 800 newspapers carried the panel.
1985 – The Israeli army pulled out of Lebanon after 1,099 days of occupation.
1990 – The Civic Forum movement won Czechoslovakia’s first free elections since 1946. The movement was founded by President Vaclav Havel.
1990 – Bulgaria’s former Communist Party won the country’s first free elections in more than four decades.
1993 – It was announced by scientists that genetic material was extracted from an insect that lived when dinosaurs roamed the Earth.
1994 – U.S. President Clinton intensified sanctions against Haiti’s military leaders. U.S. commercial air travel was suspended along with most financial transactions between Haiti and the U.S.
1996 – The Colorado Avalanche defeated the Florida Panthers in a 1-0 triple overtime game. The win ended a four-game sweep for the Stanley Cup.
1996 – Britain and Ireland opened Northern Ireland peace talks. The IRA’s political arm Sinn Fein was excluded.
1998 – The Wisconsin Supreme Court ruled that poor children in Milwaukee could attend religious schools at taxpayer expense.
1999 – NATO suspended air strikes in Yugoslavia after Slobodan Milosevic agreed to withdraw his forces from Kosovo.
2015 – The movie Jurassic World opened in 60 countries. It became the first movie to make $500 million it’s opening weekend.
Celebrating Birthday Today
- 1981 – Mat Jackson, English race car driver
- 1981 – Albie Morkel, South African cricketer
- 1981 – Andrey Yepishin, Russian sprinter
- 1982 – Tara Lipinski, American figure skater
- 1982 – Princess Madeleine, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland
- 1982 – Ana Lúcia Souza, Brazilian ballerina, and journalist
- 1983 – Marion Barber III, American football player
- 1983 – Aaron Davey, Australian footballer
- 1983 – Leelee Sobieski, American actress, and producer
- 1983 – Steve von Bergen, Swiss footballer
- 1984 – Johanna Kedzierski, German sprinter
- 1984 – Dirk Van Tichelt, Belgian martial artist
- 1985 – Richard Chambers, Irish rower
- 1985 – Gert Dorbek, Estonian basketball player
- 1985 – Kaia Kanepi, an Estonian tennis player
- 1985 – Kristina Lundberg, Swedish ice hockey player
- 1985 – Dane Nielsen, Australian rugby league player
- 1985 – Andy Schleck, Luxembourger cyclist
- 1985 – Vasilis Torosidis, Greek footballer
- 1985 – Kreesha Turner, Canadian singer-songwriter and dancer
- 1986 – Al Alburquerque, Dominican baseball player
- 1986 – Marco Andreolli, Italian footballer
- 1987 – Martin Harnik, German-Austrian footballer
- 1987 – Amobi Okoye, Nigerian-American football player
- 1988 – Jeff Teague, American basketball player
- 1989 – DeAndre Kane, American basketball player
- 1989 – David Miller, South African cricketer
- 1989 – Mustapha Carayol, Gambian footballer
- 1989 – Alexandra Stan, Romanian singer-songwriter, dancer, and model
- 1991 – Alexa Scimeca Knierim, American figure skater
- 1992 – Saulius Ambrulevičius, Lithuanian figure skater
- 1992 – Kate Upton, American model, and actress